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ASP.NET Core-Publishing your app as self-contained(Publishing A Single EXE File In .NET )

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In this article we will:

 various ways to publish a .NET 5.0 application.

Publishing A Single EXE File In .NET 

 

 

ASP.NET Core的三种部署方式

NET Core有三种部署方式:依赖框架的部署(FDD),独立部署(SCD)和依赖框架的可执行文件(FDE)

第一种是跨平台包,需要预先安装.NET Core环境。

第二种是SCD包(包名带"scd")-self-contained

  无需安装.net环境,用户需要根据自己的平台和架构选择相应的压缩包。

第三种是Windows窗体版本(包名带"winform")

 

1.独立部署(SCD)-self-contained

无需安装.net环境。 

.NET Core 提供的发布应用程序选项 self-contained 是共享应用程序的好方法,因为应用程序的发布目录包含所有组件、运行时和框架。您只需要告诉使用者应用程序的入口 exe 文件,就可以使程序运行起来,而不必担心目标计算机上是否存在.NET Core 运行时和应用框架。

.Net 6.x

.NET 6.0 produces the true single file

the dotnet6.0 is generatring the true single file. That means, developers can build the application as a self-contained  and all framework dependent assemblies can be compiled into the single file. Now, all of them are linked together and if wanted trimmed.

To create a such build, developers can use Visual Studio 2022 or to use the project file. Following figure shows all required settings in the VS.

Following snippet shows the configuration of the project file that can be used to produce the single file.

<Project Sdk="Microsoft.NET.Sdk">
  <PropertyGroup>
    <OutputType>Exe</OutputType>
    <TargetFramework>net6.0</TargetFramework>
    <PublishSingleFile>true</PublishSingleFile>
    <SelfContained>true</SelfContained>
    <RuntimeIdentifier>win-x64</RuntimeIdentifier>
    <PublishReadyToRun>true</PublishReadyToRun>
  </PropertyGroup>
</Project>

https://developers.de/2021/11/08/net-6-0-produces-the-true-single-file/

.Net 5.x

 

1. Self-contained executable

dotnet (and core) have been collecting the application intyhe single executable host file, the framework in another dll and the runtime in another dll. 

dotnet publish -c Release -r <RID> --self-contained true

 

dotnet publish -c Release -r win-x64 --self-contained true

output

D:\tmp\WebApplication1\WebApplication1\bin\Release\netcoreapp3.1\win-x64\publish

 

vs 2019 create .exe

https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/338811207

修改配置--部署模式 依赖框架,目标运行时选对应平台,文件发布选项 勾选生成单个文件

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/core/deploying/single-file/overview

2.依赖框架的部署(FDD)

无需系统安装.NET Core库,生成的应用包含了.NET Core库,还包括一个可执行文件,dll文件

 

3.依赖框架的可执行文件(FDE)

系统需安装的.NET Core库但是有可执行文件

 

.NET 5.x

Ways to publish a .NET 5.0 application with the.NET command

Framework-dependent deployment

Framework-dependent deployment produces a cross-platform .dll file that uses the locally installed .NET runtime.

dotnet publish -c Release 

Framework-dependent executable

Framework-dependent executable produces a platform-specific executable that uses the locally installed .NET runtime.

dotnet publish -c Release -r win-x64 --self-contained false

 

Self-contained executable

Self-contained executable produces a platform-specific executable and includes a local copy of the .NET Core runtime and BCL.

dotnet publish -c Release -r win-x64 --self-contained false

 

Self-contained single file executable

Self-contained single file executable produces a platform-specific executable and embeds a local copy of the .NET Core runtime in the executable.

dotnet publish HelloWorld -c Release -r win-x64 --self-contained true /p:PublishSingleFile=true

 

 

.NET 3.x

 

 

 

Useful  links

.Net 6.x

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/core/deploying/single-file

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/core/deploying/#self-contained-deployments-scd

.Net 5.x

various ways to publish a .NET 5.0 application

.NET5.0 单文件发布打包操作深度剖析

Office doc:

.NET application publishing 

 

https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/core/deploying/deploy-with-cli