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Asp.Net Core 3.1

微信小程序 wx.request 封装

 

条件:

小程序后台要加入https://api.**.com,域名要备案、域名要启用https协议。

 

微信小程序,通用Http请求方式,及后台接收参数的方式(后台为 .net core)

小程序客户端 http get 原型

office doc:https://developers.weixin.qq.com/miniprogram/dev/api/network/request/wx.request.html

wx.request({
  url: 'test.php', //仅为示例,并非真实的接口地址
  method: 'GET',
  data: {
    x: '',
    y: ''
  },
  header: {
    'content-type': 'application/json' // 默认值
  },
  success (res) {
    console.log(res.data)
  },
      fail: function(res) {
        console.log("失败");
      }
})

result:

 console.log("app.js获取的员工信息为:jsonstr==" + JSON.stringify(res))

request ok output:

app.js获取的员工信息为:jsonstr=={
"data":[{"_openid":null,"UserName":null,"Password":null,"UserName_zh_CN":"888","Email":null,"Mobile":"777","UserInfo":{"nickName":null,"gender":0,"language":null,"city":null,"province":null,"country":null,"avatarUrl":null},"IsEmployeeAuthorized":false,"EmployeeStatus":0,"IsAdmin":false,"IsAuthorized":false,"IsDeleted":false,"LastloginIP":null,"CreatedOnUtc":"2020-09-08T15:09:58.674Z","UpdatedOnUtc":"2020-09-08T15:13:42.024Z","LastloginOnUtc":"0001-01-01T00:00:00Z","EmployeeRoles":{"Appid":null,"AuthorOpenid":null,"AuthorUnionid":null,"OriginalId":null,"Name":null,"SystemName":null,"Level":0,"Mark":null,"DisplayOrder":0,"Active":false,"IsDeleted":false,"CreatedOnUtc":"0001-01-01T00:00:00Z","UpdatedOnUtc":"0001-01-01T00:00:00Z","_id":null},"Warehouses":[],"_id":"5f579ec6cc6dcf712085c0e7"}],
"header":{"Server":"nginx/1.14.0 (Ubuntu)","Date":"Wed, 09 Sep 2020 13:31:33 GMT","Content-Type":"application/json; charset=utf-8","Transfer-Encoding":"chunked","Connection":"keep-alive"},
"statusCode":200,
"cookies":[],
"errMsg":"request:ok
"}

request error output:

app.js获取的员工信息为:jsonstr=={
"data":"<html>\r\n<head><title>502 Bad Gateway</title></head>\r\n<body bgcolor=\"white\">\r\n<center><h1>502 Bad Gateway</h1></center>\r\n<hr><center>nginx/1.14.0 (Ubuntu)</center>\r\n</body>\r\n</html>\r\n",
"header":{"Server":"nginx/1.14.0 (Ubuntu)","Date":"Wed, 09 Sep 2020 13:39:59 GMT","Content-Type":"text/html","Content-Length":"182","Connection":"keep-alive"},
"statusCode":502,
"cookies":[],
"errMsg":"request:ok"}

 

小程序客户端 http get 原型+token

wx.request({
  url: 'test.php', //仅为示例,并非真实的接口地址
  method: 'GET',
  data: {
    x: '',
    y: ''
  },
  header: {
    'content-type': 'application/json' // 默认值
     'Token': 'xdddeer44' //Token 值
  },
  success (res) {
    console.log(res.data)
  },
      fail: function(res) {
        console.log("失败");
      }
})

小程序客户端 http get 原型+Promise

return new Promise((resolve,reject)=>{


       wx.showLoading({
         title: '正在加载',
       })

       wx.request({
         url: _url,
         data: data,
         method: method,
         header: {
           'content-type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded',

         },
         success(res) {

            let {code}=res.data;

           if(code===0) {
              resolve(res.data);
              wx.hideLoading()
              
           }else {
				 wx.showToast({
                title: '数据请求误',
              }) }
         },
         fail(){
           reject('接口请求有误,有检查');
         }
   });
     });
       },

 

小程序客户端 http post 原型

onLoad: function () {
    var that = this; 
     wx.request({ 

          url: 'https://www.51sdfbavvvy.cn/Mssm/HerNeeo.ashx',  
          data:{
            'TypeID': '0',   
            'ImageID': 'ZNK',   
            'Name': ''
          },  
          method: 'POST',  
          header: {
            'content-type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded'
          },
          success:function(res) {  
              that.setData({
                   array: res.data.array
               })
          },  
          fail:function(res){  
              console.log('submit fail');  
          },  
          complete:function(res){  
              console.log('submit complete');  
          } 


      }) 

 

wx.request的封装

var options = {
    url: url,
    method: "POST",
    body: JSON.stringify(data),
    encoding: null // 最坑的一句代码,没有得到的二进制image内容就是错乱的
    //responseType: 'arraybuffer', 小程序端要这么写
  };
  console.log(options)

  const apireq = options => new Promise((resolve, reject) => request(options, (err, response, body) => {
    if (err) {
      reject(err);
    } else {
      resolve(body);
    }
  }));

  // 得到 二维码数据流 
  let image = await apireq(options)
  var cloudPath = "Outdoors/" + event.outdoorid + "/QrCode.jpg"

wx.request的Promise封装

配置域名
一般情况下,项目中的域名前缀都是配置在 app.js 中

App({
   onLaunch: function() {
   },
   globalData: {
       userInfo: null,
       loginCode: null,
       version: '1.0.0',
       host: 'https://**',
   }
})

封装 wx.request
在小程序目录下建立 api 文件夹,并在文件夹下创建 api.js 脚本。下面开始封装 wx.request

const app = getApp()

const request = (url, options) => {
   return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
       wx.request({
           url: `${app.globalData.host}${url}`,
           method: options.method,
           data: options.method === 'GET' ? options.data : JSON.stringify(options.data),
           header: {
               'Content-Type': 'application/json; charset=UTF-8',
               'x-token': 'x-token'  // 看自己是否需要
           },
           success(request) {
               if (request.data.code === 2000) {
                   resolve(request.data)
               } else {
                   reject(request.data)
               }
           },
           fail(error) {
               reject(error.data)
           }
       })
   })
}

const get = (url, options = {}) => {
   return request(url, { method: 'GET', data: options })
}

const post = (url, options) => {
   return request(url, { method: 'POST', data: options })
}

const put = (url, options) => {
   return request(url, { method: 'PUT', data: options })
}

// 不能声明DELETE(关键字)
const remove = (url, options) => {
   return request(url, { method: 'DELETE', data: options })
}

module.exports = {
   get,
   post,
   put,
   remove
}

管理 api 接口
项目中的 api 大部分都是可以复用的。为了后期方便维护管理,这个时候需要把 api 提出来。有多种方法,比如可以按模块建立相应的 js 脚本。如下:

const login = '/user/login' // 登录

module.exports = {
    login
}

使用封装过后的 api

import api from '../api/api'
import { login } from '../**/conf' // 链接注意填写正确 

api.post(login, {
    data: ''
}).then(res => {
    if(){}
}).catch(err => {
    wx.showToast({
        title: err.message,
        icon: 'none'
    })
})

post 请求就是api.post()...,get 请求就是api.get()...

 

 

1.
method:"GET"
contentType:"application/json"
[Query String Paramters]
core:
      func(dynamic  key)  or  Request.QueryString("key")
2.
method :"POST"
contentType:"application/x-www-form-urlencoded"
[Form Data]
core:
          HttpContext.Request.Form["key"].ToString()
3.
method:"POST"
contentType:"application/json"
[Payload]
core"
      func([FormBody] Dictionary <string string> object)

Node.js发送请求

  • Node.js发送请求,需要用到request这个模块
  • request官网
  • 先导入这个模块
npm install request --save

GET请求


var url = 'http://192.168.0.102:3000/home?name=xmg'

// 发送Get请求
// 第一个参数:请求的完整URL,包括参数
// 第二个参数:请求结果回调函数,会传入3个参数,第一个错误,第二个响应对象,第三个请求数据
request(url,function (error, response, data) {
   
    console.log(data)
    
});

Post请求

  • post请求有3种方式,由请求头中的content-type决定,属于哪一种post请求
    • application/x-www-form-urlencoded: 普通http请求方式,参数是普通的url参数拼接
    • application/json: JSON请求方式,参数是json格式
    • multipart/form-data: 文件上传

application/x-www-form-urlencoded

var url = 'http://192.168.0.102:3000/home?name=xmg'

request.post({url:url, form:{key:'value'}}, function(error, response, body) {
    if (!error && response.statusCode == 200) {
    }
})

application/json

var url = 'http://192.168.0.102:3000/home'

request({
    url: url,
    method: "POST",
    json: true,
    headers: {
        "content-type": "application/json",
    },
    body: JSON.stringify(requestData)
}, function(error, response, body) {
    if (!error && response.statusCode == 200) {
    }
}); 

multipart/form-data


var url = 'http://192.168.0.102:3000/home'
var formData = {
    // Pass a simple key-value pair
    my_field: 'my_value',
    // Pass data via Buffers
    my_buffer: new Buffer([1, 2, 3]),
    // Pass data via Streams
    my_file: fs.createReadStream(__dirname + '/unicycle.jpg'),
};
request.post({url:url, formData: formData}, function (error, response, body) {  
    if (!error && response.statusCode == 200) {
    }
})




服务器Web API端

 
 

create service

 
step 1:create service
 
 public partial interface   IProductStockTypeService
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// mongodb数据库中的产品库存型号
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        Task<List<ProductStockType>> GetAllProductStockType();
    }
 
step 2:register service
 
 
Api Controllers
 
 /// <summary>
        /// https://api.usdotnet.com/api/NewEmployee/NewEmployee
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        [HttpGet("[action]")]
        public async Task<IActionResult> NewEmployee()
        {
            
            var result = new Employee();
            return Ok(result);
        }
 
result:
{"Appid":null,"AuthorOpenid":null,"AuthorUnionid":null,"OriginalId":null,"_openid":null,"UserName":null,"Password":null,"UserName_zh_CN":null,"Email":null,"Mobile":null,"UserInfo":{"nickName":null,"gender":0,"language":null,"city":null,"province":null,"country":null,"avatarUrl":null},"IsEmployee":false,"EmployeeStatus":0,"IsAdmin":false,"IsAuthorized":false,"IsDeleted":false,"CreatedOnUtc":"0001-01-01T00:00:00","UpdatedOnUtc":"0001-01-01T00:00:00","LastloginOnUtc":"0001-01-01T00:00:00","EmployeeRoles":[],"Warehouses":[],"Id":null}
 
 
step 3:http://localhost:5000/api/productstocktype
 public partial class ProductStockType : BaseEntity
    {
        public string Name { set; get; }
    }
 
[{"name":"QJ12B-Y","id":"5f43a46054a35fe1d20785d0"},{"name":"FS1","id":"5f43a46054a35fe1d2078633"}]
这里出现了两个问题:
(1)使用Asp.Net Core 3.1 的Web Api 返回数据发现字段名称被转换为小驼峰格式。首字母都被改成小写了。
(2)小程序端需要的时 _id,但这里输出的为id
考虑到web api服务于多终端,如网页版,就不在这里解决。留在小程序端来解决。
 
step 4:设置json字符串大小写原样输出
 
//json字符串大小写原样输出
 //services.AddControllers();

            services.AddControllers()
                     .AddJsonOptions(options =>
                     {
                         options.JsonSerializerOptions.PropertyNamingPolicy = null;
                     }
                );

output:

[{"Name":"QJ12B-Y","id":"5f43a46054a35fe1d20785d0"},{"Name":"FS1","id":"5f43a46054a35fe1d2078633"}]
 
调用方式:
 //准备请求数据
            var url = string.Format(" https://api.weixin.qq.com/cgi-bin/user/get?access_token={0}&next_openid={1}",
                                accessToken, nextOpenId);
 
 
 
小程序客户端
  //  ----发送选择的股票和日期 --- 
  sendStockCode: function(e) {
    var that = this;

    var stockCode = this.data.inputValue;

    //请求网络数据
    wx.request({
      url: "https://api.usdotnet.com/api/values",
      success: function(res) { //请求成功
        console.log(res); //在调试器里打印网络请求到的json数据
      },
      fail: function(res) { // 请求失败
      }
    });

    wx.request({
      url: 'https://api.usdotnet.com/api/stockinfo', //本地服务器地址
      data: {
        stockCode: this.data.inputValue,
        date: 'abc',
      },
      method: 'GET',
      header: {
        'content-type': 'application/json' //默认值 
      },
      success: function(res) {

        console.log(" wx.request({url: 'https://api.usdotnet.com/api/stockinfo:" + res);

        that.setData({
          stockInfo: res.data
        })

        //传入给画布要用到的参数
        preStockClose = res.data.stock_yesterday_m_fClose; //股票昨日收盘价

        pre_shanghaiCompositeIndexClose = res.data.shanghaiCompositeIndex_yesterday_m_fClose; //上海指数昨日收盘价
        firsttime = res.data.firsttime;
      },
      fail: function(res) {
        console.log("失败");
      }
    })


    //点击发送,调用服务器上的 sendMessage 方法
    this.hubConnect.send("SendMessage", stockCode, "20190401");

    // 点击发送,调用服务器上的 sendMessage 方法
    //  this.hubConnect.send("SendMessagedp", "SZ002930", "20190401");



  },

 

伍华聪微信小程序的Web API接口设计及常见接口实现

https://www.cnblogs.com/wuhuacong/p/7488939.html