Table of Contents
- Web Apps-Choose an ASP.NET Core server and client rendered web UI
- .Net core 6.x
- .Net core 5.x
- .Net core 3.x
- .Net Core 2.x
- Quick summary of what’s new in ASP.NET Core 2.0
Web Apps-Choose an ASP.NET Core server and client rendered web UI
server rendered ASP.NET Core UI solution
ASP.NET Core Razor Pages
ASP.NET Core MVC
client rendered ASP.NET Core solution
Blazor-Blazor hosting options
.Net core 6.x
5 New .NET 6 Features to be released
Hot Reload for ASP.NET Core #18486 Reimplement the Razor compiler using source generators & support incrementality #26902 ASP.NET Core and SPAs in .NET 6 #27887 Epic: Minimal hosting and actions #32378 Epic: Minimal API - OpenAPI features #34514 Servers [Epic] HTTP/3 support in ASP.NET Core #15271 Address file-locking issue in IIS #27395 MVC & APIs Add Streaming API support to MVC #11558 Support IAsyncDisposable in MVC #13150 Css Isolation for Asp.Net Core Web Application for .cshtml files #25713 Provide an API experience that scales down well and is easier to learn #27724 Blazor Hot Reload for Blazor #5456 AoT compilation #5466 Add support for launching DebugProxy from blazorwasm debug type in VS Code #22587 Infer component generic types from ancestor components #29349 Blazor Server Improvements Support byte-array transfer in JS Interop #21877 Support Streaming Interop in Blazor #30289 Specific component for dealing with large amounts of text data (InputTextArea) #30291 Support custom event args in Blazor #17552 Required parameters to blazor components #11815 Allow generic type constraints #8433 Add support for error boundaries in Blazor #26953 Dynamically added root components #27574 Support binding to <select multiple>, getting/setting the selection as an array #5519 Update Blazor <head> components #25705 Improve SVG support in Blazor #18271
.Net core 5.x
.NET 5.0 includes the following improvements and new features compared to .NET Core 3.1
C# updates F# updates Visual Basic updates System.Text.Json new features Single file apps App trimming Windows ARM64 and ARM64 intrinsics Tooling support for dump debugging The runtime libraries are 80% annotated for nullable reference types Performance improvements: Garbage Collection (GC) System.Text.Json System.Text.RegularExpressions Async ValueTask pooling Container size optimizations Many more areas
What's new in .NET 5
微软将此新版本命名为.NET 5.0而不是.NET Core 4.0的原因有两个：
1.跳过版本号4.x，以避免与.NET Framework 4.x混淆。
2.从名称中删除了“ Core”，以强调这是.NET未来的主要实现。与.NET Core或.NET Framework相比，.NET 5.0支持更多类型的应用程序和平台。
ASP.NET Core 5.0基于.NET 5.0，但保留名称“ Core”以避免将其与ASP.NET MVC 5混淆。
同样，Entity Framework Core 5.0保留名称“ Core”以避免将其与Entity Framework 5和6混淆。
.Net core 3.x
ASP.NET Core 3.0 and over removed the option to run on .NET Full Framework 4.x. It only runs on .NET Core, meaning you can no longer fall back to .NET Full Framework 4.x for COM Interop support.
ASP.NET Core 3.0 不支持 .NET Full Framework 4.x。
1、用于在 .NET Framework 和所有其他平台之间共享代码，使用 netstandard2.0
2、用于在 Mono，Xamarin 和 .NET Core 3.x 之间共享代码，使用 netstandard2.1
3、微软停止更新 .NET Standard，用.NET 5 取代
.Net Core 2.x
2017, around the time .NET Core 2.0 was being released
Whai is diffrent betwen in ASP.NET Core 2.0 and ASP.NET Core 1.0
Quick summary of what’s new in ASP.NET Core 2.0
ASP.NET Core 2.0 Preview 1 is already out and you can start building application with ASP.NET Core 2.0. At the time of writing this post, it is still in Preview 1 and final version is expected to be released in Q3-2017. To build ASP.NET Core 2.0 based application, you need to install Visual Studio 2017 Preview 3. Since this is a major release, expect some code breaking changes and a few new pieces. In this post, I try to put together a quick and short summary of what’s new in ASP.NET Core 2.0 compared to ASP.NET Core 1.1.
Here is what’s new in ASP.NET Core 2.0
If you are new to ASP.NET Core, please read first, Quick summary of what’s changed in ASP.NET Core and you can also check out my other post for ASP.NET Core 1.0. Let’s see what’s new in ASP.NET Core 2.0.
- ASP.NET Core 2.0 implements .NET Standard 2.0. This allows you to use missing .NET Framework pieces with ASP.NET Core like Datasets, Binary Serialization, Reflection and many other pieces. Read What’s new in .NET Standard 2.0
- ASP.NET Core application can be created via dotnet cli also. The following command creates a new ASP.NET Core web application.
dotnet new web
Once this command is completed, you need to execute another command to restore all the packages.
You don’t have to execute this extra command with .NET Core 2.0. Restoring packages is now part of the
- ASP.NET Core 2.0 application now references a single meta package
Microsoft.AspNetCore.Allto include all ASP.NET Core packages with the product version. This makes .csproj file short and clean. Here is a sample ASP.NET Core 2.0 sample .csproj file (Line no. 13).
It is a super easy way to include all the ASP.NET Core packages reference without worrying about their different version. You no longer have to pick individual ASP.NET Core packages. But wait, when ASP.NET Core was introduced, there was so much hype about being modular and bring only what is needed. For example, If you want MVC then include its package. Many developers liked this as it brings down the size of the application. So are we moving from being modular?
The answer is NO. If you don’t like this package of packages thing, you can still follow the traditional way of including needed packages. Then, why this one big package is introduced? Well, maintaining, updating and removing unwanted packages requires some efforts and it’s kind-of painful. The other problem would be to remember the package name.
By now, you must be cursing Microsoft and concerned as this would add unnecessary crap to your application, restoring will take ages and make your application heavy. You have already started thinking about the performance of the application :). Your concern is right, but stop cursing Microsoft because, the .NET Core SDK already has all the packages included inside of
Microsoft.AspNetCore.All, so you are never downloading them from the web. It is all available on your machine. Phew!!!
What about Deployment? Well, if there are features you don’t need in your application, the new package trimming features will exclude those binaries in your published application output by default.
- ASP.NET Core 2.0 introduces a new way to build web host configuration. This new approach sets the defaults of the web host configuration using
Familiar Program.cs (ASP.NET Core 1.1)
In ASP.NET Core 2.0, it looks like this:
BuildWebHostis an expression bodied function member introduced in C# 6. This method calls a static method
CreateDefaultBuilderwhich adds Kestrel, IIS configuration, default configuration sources, logging providers, and the content root. Instead of you doing all this, the
CreateDefaultBuilderwill do it for you. You can take a look at the code of this function here.
- Logging and building configuration is no longer part of
Startup.csfile. It is now part of
CreateDefaultBuilder, called in
Startup.csin ASP.NET Core 1.1 project looks like this:
In ASP.NET Core 2.0, it looks like this:
As you can see, the constructor no longer takes
IHostingEnvironment, instead takes the
IConfigurationinjected dependency and sets the Configuration property for later access if needed. Another change is in the
Configuremethod as logging is no longer part of this method.
- ASP.NET Core 2.0 introduces Razor Pages. Razor Pages are simple pages or views without controllers associated to it. Razor pages are included with
Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvcpackage. They work on the convention and needs to be placed in Pages folder and the extension is .cshtml. Following is a sample razor code page.
They must use
@pagedirective on top as the first directive. You can write razor page with inline model (using
@functionsdirective), separate page models (called Pages Models) and with no models. Routing works quite well with Razor pages. Please visit the official documentation for more details.
- The Platform Abstraction API responsible for application environment information is removed. Please visit this link to find out the replacement.
- Authentication has undergone some major changes for 2.0. All Auth middleware are services now and there is now only a single authentication middleware is needed which is
app.UseAuthentication(). In .NET Core 1.1, to enable cookie authentication,
The options w.r.t. to cookie authentication is specified in
Configure()method. This is changed in 2.0. Now, it is done like this:
As you can see,
Configure()method now just adds the authentication middleware to pipeline without specifying any configurable options for authentication mechanism. The following table shows name changes of some of the authentication middleware.
|ASP.NET Core 1.1||ASP.NET Core 2.0|
For more details, take a look at this github link.
You can also check out this github announcement link for other changes. That’s it.
Since ASP.NET Core 2.0 is a major release, you would expect some new features and code breaking changes. At the time of writing this post, it is Preview 1 release and things may change when the stable version comes out. This post takes you through a quick summary of what’s new in ASP.NET Core 2.0 based on the Preview 1 release. It is very unlikely that these things will change/update drastically, but you never know with Microsoft. As the history of ASP.NET vNext suggests otherwise.
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